The U.S. poultry industry is the world's largest producer, the world's second-largest exporter of poultry meat, and is a major egg producer.
U.S. consumption of poultry meat (broilers, other chicken, and turkey) is considerably higher than beef or pork, but less than total red meat consumption.
With almost 18 percent of total poultry production exported, the U.S. poultry industry is heavily influenced by currency fluctuations, trade negotiations, and economic growth in importing markets.
The poultry and egg industry is a major user of feed grains.
Source: USDA Economic Resource Service
-Arkansas ranked 2nd in the nation in total pounds of Broiler (Chicken) meat produced, yielding 5.7 billion pounds with a production value of $2.8 billion. Typically one billion broilers are raised per year.*
-Arkansas ranked 3rd in the nation in Turkey production raising 29 million turkeys and producing 577 million pounds. The production value is $416 million.*
-Arkansas ranked 10th in the nation in Egg production producing 3 billion eggs with a production value of $438 million.*
-Poultry is the largest agricultural product in Arkansas, in terms of cash receipts, providing 40% of the total.**
-Poultry and eggs contributed over $3.7 billion to Arkansas' economy in 2012.**
-Of the poultry cash receipts in 2012, broilers were the largest product, providing 30.6% of the state’s total agricultural cash receipts at $2.88 billion.**
-Over 6,000 farms in Arkansas produce some type of poultry.***
-Out of Arkansas' 53 broiler producing counties, Washington County is the largest in single-day inventory and Benton County is next. Other top producers are Yell, Hempstead, Howard and Carroll counties.***
-Over 42,000 Arkansans work directly for the poultry industry.
-Poultry accounts for 1 in 4 agricultural jobs in Arkansas.
-Arkansas is home to poultry and egg companies: Butterball LLC, Cal-Maine Foods, Inc., Cargill, Inc., Cobb-Vantress, Inc., Foster Farms, George's Inc., Keith Smith Co., Inc., O.K. Foods, Inc., Peco Foods, Pilgrim's Pride Corp., Simmons Foods, Inc., Tyson Foods, Inc., Wayne Farms LLC, Boar's Head Brand, Caldwell Foods, LLC, England Farms, Inc., Mountaire Corp., Ozark Mountain Poultry, and Twin River Foods.
-Missouri ranked 4th in the nation in Turkey production; raising 17.5 million turkeys, producing a total of 575 million pounds, with a production value of $415 million.*
-Missouri ranked 9th in the nation in broiler production; raising 271 million broilers with a production value of $651 million.*
-Missouri ranked 15th in the nation in egg production producing 1.9 billion eggs with a production value of $171 million.*
-Missouri is home to poultry companies: Ag Forte, LLC, Cargill, Inc., George's Inc., Simmons Foods, Inc., Twin River Foods, and Tyson Foods, Inc.
-Oklahoma is ranked 11th in the nation in total pounds of Broiler (Chicken) meat produced, yielding 1.4 billion pounds. 211 million broilers were raised for a production value of $709 million.*
-Oklahoma is ranked in the top 25 in the nation for total value of eggs produced. The total value is $90.4 million, with a production of 741 million eggs.*
-Oklahoma poultry is the third most valuable commodity for Oklahoma, behind cattle and hogs.**
-Cash receipts for broilers, the largest poultry segment, totaled $709.6 million, or 10.1% of the total.**
-Oklahoma is home to poultry companies: O.K. Foods, Inc., Simmons Foods, Inc., and Tyson Foods, Inc.
-Chickens and turkeys are never given hormones or steroids. This is illegal and is not allowed by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA).
-Birds are subject to a variety of diseases, just as humans are. Just like humans, they receive inoculations against the diseases for which vaccines are available. This is regulated by the USDA.
-To keep chickens and turkeys healthy and safe to eat, antibiotics may be given to poultry. This is allowed and regulated by the FDA, in limited doses and duration.
-Today’s broiler chicken is a combination of several breeds. Desirable characteristics include white feathers (to give the skin a clear appearance) and abundant breast meat. Breeding is done in the traditional manner. There is no “genetic engineering” or “genetic modification” in the poultry industry.
-Frozen chicken or turkey, if properly packaged, should maintain top quality in a home freezer for up to one year.
-A large group of turkeys is called a flock. A baby turkey is called a poult and is tan and brown.
-A hen lays an average of 240 eggs per year. It takes about 24 hours for a hen to lay an egg. There are no nutritional differences between brown and white eggs.
-Very young hens lay double yoke eggs which are safe to eat.
-A standard truck carries 800 cases of eggs (24,000 dozen).
-On average, nearly 80 pounds of chicken, 17 pounds of turkey and 20 dozen eggs are consumed per person in the U.S. every year.
*USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service - Poultry Production and Value, April 2013.
**Economic Research Service, USDA. Web site: www.ers.usda.gov/data/farmincome/finfidmu.htm
***USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service - 2007 Census of Agriculture, February 4, 2009.
More information may be obtained from the websites listed below.
The National Chicken Council: www.nationalchickencouncil.org
National Turkey Federation: www.eatturkey.com
U.S. Poultry & Egg Association: www.uspoultry.org
American Egg Board: www.aeb.org